In the Middle Ages, the Saint-Emilion wines’ high quality becomes a diplomatic instrument that the town uses with regional dignitaries as well as with the French court. Today still, you can feel at the corner of the village’s streets the exceptional quality of an art de vivre with roots going deep in the Middle Ages. 

Farmers, craftsman, merchants lived together with religious clerics from the four monastic communities settled in Saint-Emilion over the course of centuries and who transformed an ancestral place of worship in a pilgrimage centre. Pilgrims and scholars lived in these calm, serene, bright cloisters, farmers and winegrowers shaped the vineyard landscapes and bring to the designation a reputation never denied. 

the town created from the medieval era the saint-emilion brand, a product coming from a terroir with a quality and price decided by the town who also deals with diffusion in the high power society of this time. 

The whole village shows this peaceful development, every house keeps a mark of the architecture, a high church with a few murals remaining, sculptures showing the intellectual and spiritual wealth, all the marks telling the story of the inhabitants’ wealth and dynamism. 

Saint-Emilion succeeded in building a commercially thriving and self sufficient city: livestock farming on the Dordogne’s banks was an important sector of the regional agriculture, the production of food crops guaranteed significant resources and showed that the vineyard did not make, despite of its fame, the whole local resources. 

Men and women knew how to protect what they created going as far as legislating to make the vineyard last. The village finds a balance that will allow it to live through the centuries.